|On March 16, 1926, Dr. Robert H. Goddard successfully launched the first
liquid fueled rocket. The launch took place at Auburn, Massachusetts, and
is regarded by flight historians to be as significant as the Wright
Brothers flight at Kitty Hawk.
If you love the idea of space exploration...track the latest
innovations...study the accomplishments of Space Age luminaries and
legends and share in the thrill of their discoveries...then you are part of
the SPACE FRONTIER
The Space Frontier is a community of people who advocate the creation of
a spacefaring civilization; understand the benefits that accrue from
space exploration; promote further probing of the next frontier; and
encourage commercial space enterprise, research, and development.
|The Philadelphia Area Space Alliance (PASA) is an umbrella organization of area space these
American Institute of Architects (AIA)
The Mars Homestead Project
Philadelphia Science Fiction Society (PSFS)
Space Frontier Society
Space Studies Institute (SSI)
World Future Society (WFS)
PASA's history dates back to the 1970s, when it was originally formed as the Space Future
This society later became known as L5 Philadelphia, a chapter of the L5 Society. (The 'L5'
referred to a reference point in space near the Moon well suited for a space colony.)
When the L5 Society merged with the National Space Institute, the National Space Society
was born, and the local space chapter became NSS Philadelphia. To facilitate networking
between space groups, NSS Philadelphia expanded to form the Philadelphia Area Space
Alliance in 1995.
At PASA, its goals are to:
Generate broad, visible public support for a vigorous space movement; encourage private
enterprise efforts in space research and development, invigorating the economy with the
benefits which result;
Support educational efforts related to space research and development;
Create opportunities for public involvement in space development and research
Members of PASA believe that the best ways to be sure we can solve our problems on Earth
are: to develop cheap sources of solar power, instead of using fossil fuels; mine the
asteroids, instead of the Earth; take our manufacturing processes to the Moon and beyond,
instead of polluting the Earth; and provide new living spaces for humanity.
We believe that the government-funded Space Program should evolve into a
free-economy-funded Space Movement. Human destiny is too important to be left to
Our mailing address: PASA, 928 Clinton St. #6, Philadelphia, PA 19107
Earl Bennett (President), Phone: (856) 261-8032 (H), E-mail: email@example.com
Mitch Gordon (Public Relations POC), Phone: (215) 625-0670, E-mail:
|Back to the Moon ?
|Image Credit: Thilo Kranz, Deutsches
Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumhahrt
(German Space Agency
|More than 13,744 days have gone by since the last American man
(Eugene Cernan with his companion Harrison Schmidt) walked on the
Moon in 1972! Since then, space enthusiasts awaited with much
anticipation new programs designed to get us back to the Moon and
beyond. Unfortunately, for the past 40 years our political leaders have
spoken with a forked tongue when it came to manned missions beyond
Low Earth Orbit. As it happened, for one reason or the other, manned
programs designed to take us back to the Moon were constantly re-
designed by every successive occupant of the White House since
Richard Nixon... And of course, the most recent program in development,
George W. Bush's Constellation systems Program which had promised
return to the Moon as early as 2020 has seemingly suffered the same fate.
Which caused former NASA Administrator Michael Griffin to lament: "If
Obama does cancel the Constellation program, it leaves NASA and the
nation with no program, no plan and no commitment to any human
spaceflight program beyond that of today.
But the premier Space Advocate group, The National Space Society is
more optimistic in a statement made by the society the day after
President Obama spoke at a Space Summit held at the Kennedy Space
Center in Florida April 15, 2010:
(Washington, DC -- April 15, 2010) (Updated April 16, 2010)
" The National Space Society applauds President Obama for his
expression of firm commitment for human spaceflight, and for moving
forward in refining the administration's plan for space exploration.
Following the announcement of the President's FY2011 budget proposal
for NASA, the Society advocated for the inclusion of more detailed goals.
NSS is gratified to see President Obama take another step in that
direction to secure America's position as a global leader in space. This
will foster a new space economy servicing the needs of America and
The President's speech of April 15, 2010 stated emphatically his, and his
administration's, commitment to the mission of NASA and its role in
providing for the future. He stressed a focus on future accomplishments
and laid out a plan for
•dramatically increased robotic exploration and scouting missions,
•an advanced replacement for the Hubble Space Telescope,
•an array of expanded Earth/climate sensing work,
•extension of the life of the International Space Station and provision of
funds to use it to the fullest,
•support for the commercial transportation initiatives for cargo and crew,
•development of the Orion spacecraft to serve as a Space Station Crew
Emergency Vehicle and its evolution to a Beyond Earth Orbit exploration
•design completion for a Heavy Lift Launch capability no later than 2015
followed by the production of the vehicle,
•investment in the Technology Research and Development to enable the
use of the material resources and energy in space and to address the
challenges of the Beyond Earth Orbit space environment (such as
radiation shielding, advanced propulsion, etc.), and
•human Beyond Earth Orbit missions to asteroids within the next two
decades, Mars orbit by the mid-2030s, and the Martian surface in his
The President stressed the importance of a transformative agenda for
NASA, and the critical role of breakthrough technologies in enabling
NASA and our nation to create the future we wish to see come to pass.
The Society congratulates the president for refining his vision to include
such incremental goals as the design of a Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle by
2015, and a preliminary timetable for human exploration destinations.
The National Space Society has and continues to be a staunch advocate
of a balanced, comprehensive, sustainable, and personally engaging
mosaic of space programs that will transform our tomorrows.
The President has committed his administration to making it so.
The National Space Society looks forward to working with the executive
branch, congress, industry, the space advocacy community, and the
general public to foster, achieve, and sustain the consensus needed to
see it come to fruition."
From my standpoint, I take a more reserved or wait and see attitude... As
I view it... Obama is only offering space advocates hope that great
advances in space technology and exploration will happen by virtue of
the new direction he has mandated for NASA Operations. The promise
that the ISS years of operation will be extended beyond what was
originally planned is good and makes sense economically. Everything
else is simply a wish list, a call for action for NASA and the emerging
Start-up space industry to proceed following the hit and miss approach to
develop technologies which would get us beyond low earth orbit and the
Moon and to Mars in Obama's life-time.
Perhaps this approach is better than no approach at all... We will see in
time whether Obama's words are only political rhetoric or historic vision...
As is, the retirement of the Space Shuttle fleet in September 2010
presents a not so fun scenario for United States space interests... At that
time the premier space power will no longer have the capability to use its
own rockets to send its astronauts to low Earth Orbit for the first time
since the year of Obama's birth... Amazingly the Russians using the well
traveled Soyuz still possesses that capability and will be paid a relatively
a large sum of money by the United States to ferry our astronauts to the
International Space Station. Then too, it is more mind-boggling that the
Chinese in its incipient way will have the capability to send its Astronauts
to Low Earth
On June 9, 20l0 Space X launched its Falcon 9 Rocket from Kennedy as
early. seemingly this successful launch seems to be good start to
Obama's approach but there still remain doubters... And hopefully Space
X's companion Dragon space craft would be able to bring American
astronauts to the International Space Station sooner rather then later.
|"Too many years have passed for me to still be the last man to
have left his footprints on the Moon. I believe with all my heart that
somewhere out there is a young boy or girl with indomitable will
and courage who will lift that dubious distinction from my shoulders
and take us back where we belong. Let us give that dream a
chance." - Captain Eugene A. Cernan
|Lunar Module Pilot
Dr. Harrison Hagen (Jack)
Schmitt, Ph.D. Civilian
|Crew of APOLLO 17
Eugene Andrew Cernan,
|Command Module Pilot
Ronald Ellwin Evans,
|Dr. Zubrin's Take on the Obama Program
* President Obama laid out his vision for America's space program. Under the Obama
plan, NASA will spend $100 billion on human spaceflight over the next 10 years in
order to accomplish nothing.
* In 2004, the Bush administration launched a program called Constellation to develop
a set of flight systems, including the Orion crew capsule and the Ares 1 and Ares 5
medium and heavy lift boosters, that together would allow astronauts to return to the
Moon by 2020, and then fly to destinations beyond.
* The only thing preserved by Obama out of the past six years and $9 billion worth of
effort will be a version of the Orion capsule - but one so purposely stripped down that
it will only be useful as a lifeboat for bringing astronauts down from the space station,
not as a craft capable of providing a ride up to orbit.
* With the Space Shuttle program set to sunset in the near future, The only way
Americans will be able even to reach low Earth orbit will be as passengers on Russian
launchers, with tickets priced at the Kremlin's discretion.
* The President desperately tried to spin the abandonment of the Moon program not
as a retreat, but as a daring advance. We've been to the Moon before, he declared,
and so we have. There's a lot more of space to explore; we should set our sights on
points beyond, to the near Earth asteroids, and reach for Mars. Indeed, we can and
should... But the President's plan makes no provision for actually doing so. Instead, he
proposes to simply stall.
* The bottom line: Under the Obama plan, NASA will be able to send astronauts
anywhere it likes, provided that its effort to do so begins after he leaves office.
A link to the article may be found
Daily News Zubrin article
|International Space Development Conference 2010 -
"Four Decades After Apollo Getting Back to the Future"
The National Space Society's ISDC 2010 was held May 27-31 at the InterContinental
O'Hare Hotel in Rosemont, Illinois...
National Space Society Award Winners ----
1) 13th Biennial Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Award --- Peter H. Diamondis -- Founder,
Chairman and CIO, Zero Gravity Corporation, X Prize Foundation
2) Gerard K. O'Neil Award --- Freeman Dyson --- President, Space Studies Institute, NSS
Board of Directors
3) NSS Space Pioneer Award Winners
a) George T. Whitesides ---For Service to the Space Community
b)Ray Bradbury --- for Mass Media
c) NASA - Ames ICROSS Mission Team --- for Science and Engineering
ISDC 2010 Meal Event Speakers ---
The NSS-NASA Space Settlement Design Contest, Co-sponsored by NASA Ames and the
National Soace Society, gives students from all over the world the opportunity to share their
conceptions of living and working in space. The competetition is, in effect, a request for
contractors to propose the design development, construction, and operations planning of a
safe and pleasant space settlement community. Each Spring students send their designs for
homes in space for judging by NASA engineers and scientists, The contest has inspired
thousands of students and has helped hundreds of teachers bring the excitement of space
settlement to youth worldwide,
Contest categories are individual 6-9 grade, small group 6-9 grade, large group 6-9 grade,
individual 10-12 grade, small group 10-12 grade, and large group 10-12 grade. A category
based on artistic merit is also included in the contest. This year, in addition to the Grand
Prize winner, a new scholarship has been introduced" The Bruce M. Clark Jr. Award. This
$2,000 scholarship goes to the highest-ranking first place winner in the "individual" category.
This year, the NSS has received 434 submissions from 1,043 students sponsored by 113
teachers. Entries came from 14 countries: Bulgaria, Canada, China, India, Ireland, Japan,
Poland, Romania, Singapore, Turkey, The United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom,
Uruguay and the United States. United States entries were received from Ten States:
California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Oregon
The Grand Prize winning submissions for 2010 Space Settlement Contest came from a large
group of 14 students (9-12 grade) from Durango High School in Colorado, United States.
The name of the group was Durango Aerospace Design Team. These students were
instructed by Mr. Daniel Garner. This group attended the awards dinner to give their
presentation, receive their awards and also give an acceptance speech. For a senior among
the group who had to miss his Durango High School graduation ceremony to be in Chicago,
Charles Bolden, the NASA Administrator presented him with his High School Diploma.
The Inaugural Bruce M. Clark Jr. Award, a prize of $2,000, went to the top individual
entry. The winner is Prateeksha Das, Ispat English Medium School, Odisha, India, for
One comment heard from a NSS member attending this conference. He said that the foreign
kids attending this conference were well gloomed, well-behaved and eager to learn... Their
eyes lid up to hear everything that was said and take it in... He said if American kids don't
show the same eagerness to learn starting today, places where these kids come from will
surpass us in knowledge and technology in the future.
National Space Society National Chapters Assembly --- Elected Dennis Pearson Chair of the
Assembly for the next two years which includes ISDC 2011 at Huntsville, Alabama and
ISDC 2012 tentatively scheduled for Washington D.C.--- As Chair of the Assembly Dennis
Pearson is on the National Chapters Committee which meets between ISDC's periodically
on Chapter business and Projects.
ISDC 2010 held 2 tour of the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator
Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois and Argonne National Laboratory .. Southwest corner of
Dupage County, near Chicago. One on a Friday mostly for International students and
domestic students entered in the Settlement contes and Saturday for Conference attendees
... Dennis Pearson was in charge of the Saturday Tour.
Much of what we know about matter and energy and even how the universe began was
discovered over the last four decades at Fermilab ... Fermlab's broad scientific program
pushes forward on three interrelated frontiers of particle physics: the Energy frontier, the
intensity frontier and the cosmic frontier. Fermilab's experiments in Energy Frontier use
sopisicated detectors to study collisions of protons and antiprotons in a Tevatron, a particle
collider four miles in circumference, to better understand the fundamental constituents and
architecture of the universe. Fermlab's experiments at the intensity frontier explores
fundamental particles and forces of nature using highly senstitive detectors and intense
particle beams, including the most intense beam of nutinos in the world. Fermlab
experiments at the Cosmic Frontier use the cosmics as a laboratory to investigate the
fundamental laws of physics and to search for dark matter and dark energy
Fermlab uses a series of accelerators to create powerful particle beams for numerous
experiments on site ... From Hydrogen gas, scientists create a beam of protrons that they
accelerate to higher and higher energy. They divert some of the protons to create nutinos for
experiments on site as well as well as experiments in Northern Minnesota. Other protrons
are used to make antiprotrons for CDF and Dzero collider experiments.
Argonne's mission is to apply a unique blend of world-class facilities, science and
engineering that delivers innovative research and technology. Our scientists and engineers
are charged with creating or discovering new knowlede and technolgy that address the most
imortant scientific and societal needs of the nation.
Argonne conducts Research and develop in many areas of basic and applied science and
^ Basic science seeks to understand how nature works. This research includes experimental
and theoretical work in materials science, physics, chemistry, biology, high-energy physics
and mathematics and computer science, including high-perforamance computing
^ Applied science and engineering help find practical solutions to society's problems. These
programs focus primarily on energy resources, environmental management and national
Collaboration --- Argonne often works with universities, industry and other national
laboratories to discover new knowledge and develop useful new technologies.
Science user facilities --- Argonne also designs, builds and operates scientific user facilities -
large national research facilities that would be too expensive for a single company or
university to build and operate.
Argonne's major user facilities include:
^ Advanced Phoron Source
^Argonne Leadership Computing Facility
^ Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System
^ Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility
^ Center for Nanoscate Materials
^ Electron Microscope Center
^ Structural Biology Center
^ Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center
Space Based Solar Energy
The Problem - As stated by Ralph Nansen in "Energy Crisis --- Solution from Space "
is that we must develop an energy system: that can replace oil and the other fossil
fuels as the primary source of energy: that will eliminate the pollution of our
atmosphere; that will free us of dependency of foreign oil; and that which would
provide the ample low-cost clean energy that the developing nation and undeveloped
nations need to emerge to a better standard of living.
The Solution - This energy is solar power satellites. Solar energy generated in space
on giant satellites that will deliver electricity to the earth 24 hours a day to any nation
on the earth.
The fact is, our scientific and engineering community is well aware of this technology.
What is lacking at the moment is that politically the will in the U.S to pursue it; and
clearly, if the U.S does not take a lead in this endeavor, and lets another nation
develop the next energy source. We will no longer be the strongest nation on earth.
Nansen maintains that oil is a finite item that will be depleted worldwide at some
point. That recoverable oil production in the United States is beyond the point of
peak production according to a Shell Oil geologist. That the discovery of oil in Alaska
and the Gulf of Mexico has eased the decline of recoverable oil production
somewhat. But is not enough in the long term to change the U.S trend for
recoverable oil production. And predicts that when the peak recoverable oil
production worldwide occurs it will be followed by a traumatic economic dislocation
as permanent energy prices rise to unbelievable levels when people and nations
compete for available oil.
Unfortunately, alternative energy systems cannot be developed fast enough to
prevent economic dislocation from happening. It may take 30 to 40 years to bring this
technology to common day use. So the time is now for the United States to get
downright serious and move on our future... And our solution will come from space in
the fourth energy era of man.
| THE SILVER TREAD
Just above the Moon was a slender silver thread. Together they watched as the
tread, seemingly keeping time with the majestic music (music from Holst's The
Planets), rotated slowly in its lunar orbit like a brilliantly illuminated spoke on an
otherwise invisible, gigantic Ferris Wheel rolling along the lunar surface.
"Watching the moon rise is sure a lot more interesting than it used to be a few years
ago," said Rose
"Wait until my Rotovator Division gets the next two Lunarvators installed in their
oblique orbits." replied Randy. "Then one of them should always be visible in the
sunlight, even during a new moon."
The above a passage from Robert L. Forward's Science fiction book called the
One of the most interesting chapters in the book details a U.S Congressional
Hearing where Randy, the designer, describes the new futuristic low-cost earth to
space transportation system called the Terravator would work.... A system whose
potential for low-cost access to space is dozens of times greater than other
systems... But Instead of a bring it on that a boy greeting from Congress, Randy is
challenged by a senator named Oscar who won't accept the responsibility for letting
what he calls a whirlygig threaten the United States without protecting the
populace... A bullheaded Oscar told Randy: "I will inform the Secretary for the
Environment that Congress insists on a full environmental-impact report on the
effects of the operation of the Terravator on all parts of the United States and the
territories." A report if required, Oscar knew would effectively delay construction and
could increase potential costs to the detriment of the project. To which Randy
responded, that his project wouldn't need a full environmental-impact report
because his company will now use a different constellation of ports which at no
time does any portion of the Terravator touch the atmosphere above the United
States or its Territories and what is more Havana Airport will be one of our gateway
airports to our operations not Honolulu . An irritated Randy said that if the Congress
of the United States was not willing to take risks in order to expand our last frontier
this is what would happen. Which brought out a shout of disbelief from Dusty Miller,
also a U.S. Senator and some finger pointing aimed at Oscar... He said that
Castro's nephew would be chortling rum over this. He'll want diplomatic relations,
relaxation of sanctions, probably, even aid, before he opened up his airports to U.S.
Forward's Book is science fiction, but it serves as a reminder that it is the
responsibility of government to promote and encourage commerce... It is not the
responsibility of Congress to tear down our industrial base and deny new
technologies a chance to secede.
A 6 month moratorium on oil production in the Gulf of Mexico may not sound very
devastating... But businessmen being businessmen still seek to make money and will
move the rigs to places where they still can make money... The Gulf Coast's loss
may be Brazil's gain and if the Conservative hosts are right... George Soros will be
making money in the bank... The commercial fishermen of New Foundland and
Labrador know full well the effects of what was supposed to be a short-term
moratorium on Cod fished out of the North Atlantic's Great Banks... Commercial Cod
fishing has never recovered in Canada as there still is a moratorium and many of
these former fishermen are now working in the shale oil fields of Alberta... The type
of Petroleum Obama does not want to import... So if he shuts down our operations in
the Gulf of Mexico and his good buddy Hugo Chavez makes true to stop sending oil
to America.... Where are we heading...
What Obama should do in Space is encourage the electric utility industry to build a
nationwide electrical grid big enough to handle the microwaves beaming down to
earth from the space based solar energy satellites in geocentic orbits we must build,
encourage private industry to expand its operations in low-earth orbit for
communication, navigation and tourism , and charge NASA to go to the Moon, Mars
and the Asteroids as fast as they could do it safely.
| GREAT NEWS - BUT TOO BAD IT IS NOT SPACE BASED
Allentown Mayor Ed Pawlowski announced the completion of the Solar Photovoltaic
(PV) Plant at the Bridgeworks facility on South 10th Street.
The Solar PV Plant is an ambitious part of the city’s Green Mission Initiatives; a key
component of which is the city’s plan to meet and exceed the goals set forth in the U.
S. Mayor’s Climate Protection Agreement signed in July 2006. It also contributes
significantly to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s declared mission that 0.5% of
its energy generation needs be met by solar power by the year 2020, as part of its
Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (“AEPS”) adopted in 2004.
There will be a reduction in the City of Allentown’s environment of more than 89,278
pounds of Carbon Dioxide emissions, more than 688 pounds of Sulfur Dioxide
emissions and more than 196 pounds of Nitrous Oxide emissions in a 12 month
period. Additionally, air-borne mercury emissions will be significantly reduced.
The Solar PV Plant, in one day, generates enough energy to power five homes for
one year, power 452 computers for one year, or operate a TV for over 46 years;
Most significantly, we’ve reduced the pollution an average passenger car emits over
Also, today, the city launched from its web-site, www.allentownpa.gov a new web-
link; Go Green! Conservation Initiatives Program where city and region residents
can view real-time statistics on the energy generated in kilowatt hours KwH), and
the reduction of Greenhouse gas Emission Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Sulfur Dioxide
(SO2), and Nitrous Oxide (NO2) emissions statistics.
This partners with another part of the Allentown Conservation Initiatives. In early
June, the city launched the Allentown Conservation program. The city’s
Sustainability Office teamed with the Sustainable Energy Fund, AFC First Financial
Corporation/Keystone HELP, PPL Electric Utility’s E-POWER Program, and the
Community Action Committee of the Lehigh Valley (CACLV) to provide considerable
help to city residents, commercial property and small business owners and small not-
The Mayor was joined by Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
Secretary John Hanger who stated, “This system will help to keep the lights on, help
to clean our air, and to stop more heat-trapping gas from going into the atmosphere
that creates 100 plus degree temperatures.”
Also present was David J. O'Connor, Solar Program Project Manager, Infrasource
Telecommunication Services, “The city of Allentown made a commitment to
incorporate renewable energy into its energy mix. The Bridgeworks Project is a
real, tangible result of this vision and what a city can do.” O’Connor said, “I am
proud to be part of that vision and part of an organization that has contributed to the
success of its implementation.”
The Mayor concluded by thanking the DEP and Secretary Hanger, PEDA (The
Pennsylvania Energy Development Authority), board of directors, and Executive
Director Thomas Bell for their encouragement and funding of this project and the
Director of Public Works, Richard A. Young. P.E. and his staff.
Attendees were also given a demonstration of the educational kiosk in the 3rd floor
lobby at Bridgeworks. The kiosk displays the real-time data monitoring and
reporting system transforming previously invisible raw energy data into information
that enables improved system maintenance, energy management assessment, and
enhanced public awareness for the City's clean energy efforts. The reporting will
also allow Allentown to better manage its energy footprint by providing live and
historical views of energy being generated and consumed.